Where does the energy of a lightning strike go?

Lightning contains a lot of energy, so where does this energy go after lightning has hit the ground? Does it travel all the way to the core? What happens after that? Answer The majority of the energy is dissipated in the travel through the air from the cloud to the ground. The energy goes into … Read more

Lightning through helium gas

Assuming that some distant planet had an atmosphere of helium and(due to extremely cold temperatures) a “water cycle” of neon, what would happen if the theoretical neon clouds acted in a similar way as Earth clouds, and generated lightning. In short, what would happen or be different from Earth lighting if it formed in a … Read more

The Cause of lightning and charge distribution in clouds

I was going through this video about lightning and I couldn’t understand some points . 1: What caused the water molecules in ice crystals to be arranged in that specific pattern i.e. having positive charges at its boundary and negative in the inner region ? 2: Also WHY do the crystals break (which created or … Read more

Would rubber shoes offer any form of protection against cloud-to-ground lightning strikes?

I was reading an article from abcnews about Why so many people survive being struck by lightning. Later in the article it says the following: But direct strikes make up only a minuscule portion of all lightning strikes, said Cooper. “The vast majority of deaths are caused by ground current, where lightning hits a distance … Read more

Noise heard simultaneously with lightning

During a recent thunderstorm in an urban area, I saw lightning strike within about half a mile, estimated as such because I heard the thunder about 2 seconds after I saw the strike. What surprised me was that I heard an electrical-sounding bzzzzt that was simultaneous with the strike, and lasted for the fraction of … Read more

Why is lightning considered a plasma?

I was wondering why a lightning bolt is coined as “plasma”, or a “spark” from an electrical wire/device is as well, yet flares, molten lava, and burning buildings are not(flares are pyrotechnic, exothermic, and very much like flames). I hear arguments saying that plasma is ionized gas, but how can a flare not be ionized … Read more

Lightning Conductor Working

During a thunderstorm charges collect on clouds until a field which is more than the air’s dielectric strength is created. Because now there is a potential difference between the ground (0 Volts) and the clouds, electric current flows through the now conducting air. If there is a building, it is conducting and thus at same … Read more

Is lightning possible/visible in vacuum or not?

I do understand that lightning is caused by electrons flowing, between two electrically charged regions in the air or the ground, thus causing electrostatic discharge and equalization. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lightning Though, on this site, there is no clear explanation on how these electrons flow, and if lightning is only possible in air or vacuum too, and whether … Read more

Phyics Explanation for the Tubular Shape of Petrified Lightning

When lightning strikes the ground in a sandy location it may fuze sand grains together to form a mineraloid known as Fulgurite. Is there a physics explanation for the tubular shape? Why is it hollow as opposed to being solid? Answer A lightning bolt produces hot gasses (30,000 °C). This results in very high pressures. … Read more