I have ran a glm in R, and near the bottom of the summary() output, it states:

(Dispersion parameter for Gamma family taken to be 1.680014)

What does this mean/represent?

**Answer**

Gamma distribution defined by two parameters – shape (α) and rate (β).

There is alternative parameterization through mean (μ) and shape, which is used in GLM.

We take μ=α/β and put it into place of rate (as β=α/μ), resulting in function Gamma(μ,α).

In R GLM assumes shape to be a constant (as linear regression assumes constant variance). To satisfy this assumption dispersion (ϕ) is introduced:

ϕ=1α

For the simple case `glm(x ~ 1, family = Gamma(link = 'identity))`

, `summary.glm`

gives you estimate, that is equal to μ (note that default link is ‘inverse’ and estimate = 1/μ) and dispersion is ϕ.

**Attribution***Source : Link , Question Author : Maggie Smith , Answer Author : Glen_b*