I’m being asked to find the p-values for descriptive statistics. However, it’s my understanding that p-values are for test statistics. If I’m not mistaken, a p-value is the probability of observing a value as extreme as the test statistic if the null hypothesis were true.
Your are correct. Descriptive statistics characterize the data with which you are working. To generate p-values, assumptions need to be generated. Assumptions are not descriptive.