@testSetup vs DataFactory?

When testing, how/when will @TestSetup annotation be preferable to a “DataFactory”?

I understand how both works, but I don’t see any case where I’d rather use the @testSetup annotation.

I use this datafactory and it works very well.

Answer

A major reason to use @TestSetup is the situation where you have many tests that require the same baseline of data. The @TestSetup method runs once and all its data is available to all the test methods in the class. Any changes made by a test method are rolled back but the @TestSetup data isn’t. The benefit is faster test running because the baseline data inserts are only done once per test class not once per test method.

A downside is that the only way to get references to the data created in @TestSetup is to query for it. But those queries are much cheaper than the inserts.

(The @TestSetup method also gets its own set of governor limits, so if you have a lot of data setup logic that consumes a big proportion of those, moving it to @TestSetup will help.)

I use @TestSetup sometimes, and other times, when I want to refer to the test data in the following asserts, use builder classes invoked from each test method so I have references to the test objects without having to do queries.

You can choose to use whatever technique you like to create the SObjects and use that method inside the @TestStup method or outside of it.

Some more information on @TestSetup: What are the advantage of the @testSetUp annotation.

Attribution
Source : Link , Question Author : Alexis MASSON , Answer Author : Keith C

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